Kicking off with a story of a misunderstanding based on mishearing, we looked at why the decoding gap and blur gap are important and deserve more attention in our listening lessons.
Richard Caudwell’s metaphor of jungle listening served as a useful frame for why L2 listeners struggle with the speech stream so much. This was illustrated with an example from John Field – see ‘Do you know what I mean?’ on the Greenhouse/Garden/Jungle slide.
We looked at issues of spoken language and the differences with written in terms of word frequency. High frequency chunks and clusters were introduced and we looked at how they can be difficult to perceive when they occur in ‘squeeze zones’ speech units (once again following Cauldwell, 2013).
Here’s a screencast showing how I recorded and cut the required audioclips we used in the session. It’s five minutes long – so you can see it’s quite an easy procedure to make your own using Audacity.
On a recent CELTA course at IH Barcelona we had trainees recording their own listenings for a skills development assignment.
Many thanks to Angela Grimshaw and Michael Clarke for letting me use their recording to show how we can isolate problem soundshapes and use them very quickly and easily to develop our students’ decoding abilities.
Here’s the clips:
Then with a little more cotext:
Then a longer section, which could be used in class as a way of developing decoding abilities:
Here are the board shots of how the last clip could be built up in class:
We finished up with a bit of crowdsourced microlistening creation. One way of easily creating manageable amounts of natural speech to practise decoding is to record yourself, your colleagues and friends answering a short question. This has a couple of clear benefits to my mind:
- It’s really easy to do – over whatsapp, skype, live with your phone….
- You have an instant task to orient the listener before doing transcription work (i.e. – what’s the question?)
- You have an instant follow up productive task (i.e. the learners can ask each other)
What’s the question these three people were asked?
(Thanks to teachers from IH Barcelona and Oxford House for these)
We made our own in the final few minutes – showing just how quickly this can be done. This time we had a different question – ‘What’s your comfort food?’
The link to the shared drive is here.
Do add some more and let us know how you got on using the clips in class.